Galaxies

The galaxy SGAS J111020.0+645950.8 (Image NASA, ESA, and T. Johnson (University of Michigan))

Three articles published in “The Astrophysical Journal Letters” describe various aspects of the observation of the galaxy SGAS J111020.0+645950.8, 11 billion light years away from Earth, with the Hubble Space Telescope. So much attention is due to the fact that the team of astronomers who conducted this study had to use a gravitational lens to conduct the observations and use a very sophisticated analysis to sharpen the images, which also show star formation areas.

NGC 5194 and NGC 5195

An article submitted for publication in the journal “Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society” describes a research on the supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy NGC 5195, which is undergoing some sort of indigestion. Using data collected with various telescopes, a team of astronomers at the University of Manchester discovered that the black hole causes chaotic events in its galaxy. Among the causes there’s its interaction with a much larger galaxy called NGC 5194 or Whirlpool galaxy.

Two supermassive black holes seen by VLBA (Image Bansal et al., NRAO/AUI/NSF.)

An article published in “The Astrophysical Journal” describes the discovery of the first pair of supermassive black holes orbiting each other at the center of the galaxy hosting them, called 0402+379. A team of astronomers used the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) radio telescope to locate the two black holes about 750 million light years from Earth. Their combined mass is about 15 billion times the Sun’s.

The galaxy cluster MACS J2129-0741 and the galaxy MACS2129-1 (Image NASA, ESA, and S. Toft (University of Copenhagen), M. Postman (STScI), and the CLASH team)

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes a study of the galaxy MACS 2129-1. An international team of researchers led by Sune Toft of the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI), University of Copenhagen, Denmark used the Hubble Space Telescope and ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) to gather information about MACS 2129-1. The result is that no new stars are being formed and this is really surprising because it’s very far away so we see it as it was at a time when the universe was at the highest rate of star production.

Artist's concept of galaxies merging near a quasar (Image MPIA using material from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope)

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes the discovery of four galaxies that are very ancient, so much that they formed less than a billion years after the Big Bang. A very high stellar formation rate was observed within them. A team of astronomers led by Roberto Decarli of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy discovered by chance these four galaxies, noting that they were close to as many quasars.