A team of scientists used the Hubble Space Telescope to measure the extent of the halo of the gas surrounds the Andromeda galaxy. It turned out to be much larger than expected stretching for about a million light-years from the galaxy. This means it reaches out to about half the distance that separates it from the Milky Way so if it was visible to the naked eye its size would be about a hundred times that of the full Moon. The results of this research were published in “Astrophysical Journal”.
An article published in the journal “Nature” describes a research carried out using NASA’s space telescope NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) to examine the central area of the Milky Way. A mysterious glow shows an amount of X-rays higher than expected and could be caused by emissions from zombies stars.
There are several known cases of runaway stars such as Zeta Ophiuchi but now the Russian astronomers Igor Chilingarian and Ivan Zolotukhin of the Moscow State University’s Sternberg Astronomical Institute have found runaway galaxies. In an article published in the journal “Science”, the list 11 galaxies ejected from the clusters they used to be part of because of the gravitational interaction with their neighbors.
The Hubble Space Telescope photographed a series of ghosts of quasars that existed in the past. They are seen as ethereal green objects in various forms and are the last effects of ancient quasars. These phenomena are very interesting from a scientific standpoint because they can provide information about the past of those galaxies, which were once very active.
An article published in the journal “Astronomy & Astrophysics” describes the results of a research carried out by combining the observations made with ESA’s Herschel and Planck space telescopes. The purpose was to find protoclusters, the precursors of today’s galaxy clusters seen in the distant past when the universe was only three billion years. This will help to understand how these huge groups of tens, hundreds and even thousands of galaxies formed and evolved.