The globular cluster Terzan 5 seen by the MAD on the VLT (Image ESO/F. Ferraro)

An article published in “The Astrophysical Journal” describes a research on the globular cluster Terzan 5. An international team of astronomers led by Francesco Ferraro from the University of Bologna discovered that the stars of Terzan 5 are divided into two groups, one with an age of 12 billion years and one with an age of around 4.5 billion years, more or less like the Sun. This unique feature can help to better understand the evolution of the Milky Way.

Artistic concept of Proxima b's surface. In the upper-right of Proxima Centauri there are Alpha Centauri A and B (Image ESO/M. Kornmesser)

Yesterday ESO held a press conference to announce that probably they discovered an exoplanet orbiting Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to the solar system. A team of astronomers led by Guillem Anglada-Escudé from Queen Mary University of London found what was called Proxima b, a planet a little more massive than the Earth orbiting in the habitable zone of its star.

Artist's concept of G11.92-0.61 MM1 with the keplerian disc around it (Image courtesy A. Smith (Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge))

An article published in the journal “Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society” describes the discovery of a protostar called G11.92-0.61 MM1. A team of astronomers led by John Ilee from the University of Cambridge’s Institute of Astronomy, UK, identified this object in a key stage in the birth of a star. It has a mass that is already more than thirty times that of the Sun and is still attracting materials from the molecular cloud in which it’s forming.

The supernova remnants G11.2-0.3 (Photo X-ray: NASA/CXC/NCSU/K. Borkowski et al; Optical: DSS)

At the workshop “Chandra Science for the Next Decade” being held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, a new image was presented showing a supernova remnant called G11.2-0.3 obtained using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory. For years these were considered the remnants of the supernova recorded by the Chinese in 386 A.D. and for this reason known as SN 386 but new exams indicate that it was a different supernova.