Telescopes

CK Vulpeculae seen by ALMA (Image ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/S. P. S. Eyres)

An article published in the journal “Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society” describes a research on CK Vulpeculae (CK Vul), a nova that was well documented between 1670 and 1672 that left a bipolar nebula. A team of researchers led by Stewart Eyres of the University of South Wales used the ALMA radio telescope to analyze that explosion’s remnants, concluding that it was caused by the collision between a white dwarf and a brown dwarf, the first anomalous nova of this type identified.

Artist's concept of the planet Kepler-1625b with its moon and its star in the background (Image NASA, ESA, and L. Hustak (STScI))

An article published in the journal “Science Advances” presents the evidence of the existence of a exomoon, a moon orbiting a planet of another solar system, named Kepler-1625b-I. David Kipping and Alex Teachey of Columbia University used observations of the Kepler and Hubble space telescopes to examine the traces left by the exoplanet Kepler-1625b in front of its star, similar to the Sun. The first indications of the discovery of the exomoon candidate were revealed in July 2017, follow-up observations carried out with the Hubble Space Telescope provided new confirmations.

The discovery images of 2015 TG387 (Image courtesy Scott Sheppard. All rights reserved)

An article submitted for publication in “The Astronomical Journal” describes the discovery of 2015 TG387, an object with a length estimated around 300 kilometers (186 miles) whose distance from the Sun is about 80 times the Earth’s. A team of astronomers led by Scott Sheppard of the Carnegie Institution for Science saw it for the first time on October 13, 2015 during the research of another planet beyond Pluto’s orbit. This orbit of this object – which was nicknamed The Goblin – and those of the dwarf planet Sedna and the possible dwarf planet 2012 VP113 could be explained by the presence of a planet that’s still unknown.

A tail for a group of galaxies attracted by the Abell 2142 cluster

An article published in the journal “Astronomy & Astrophysics” describes the observation of a small group of galaxies attracted by the galaxy cluster Abell 2142 and approaching it a trail of very hot gas was created. A team of researchers led by Dominique Eckert, now at the German Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, used NASA’s Chandra X-ray space observatory to detect the emissions from a sort of tail that extends over a million light years.

Artist's concept of neutron star with jets of material, magnetic field and accretion disk (Image courtesy ICRAR/Universiteit van Amsterdam)

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes the discovery of a pulsar-type neutron star with a very strong magnetic field that emits a jet of materials. A team of researchers used the Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope to study the neutron star cataloged as Swift J0243.6+6124 and simply called Sw J0243 discovering an anomaly because according to the formation models for jets of material a pulsar with such a strong magnetic field shouldn’t be able to emit them.