An article published in the journal “Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society” describes the detection of variations in the brightness of the famous white spots on the dwarf planet Ceres. Using the HARPS spectrograph at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile they were observed showing for example a higher brightness during the day. One explanation is that they contain volatile materials that evaporate due to the sunlight.

Map of voids and galaxy superclusters around the Milky Way (Image Richard Powell)

An article published in the journal “Astronomy & Astrophysics” describes the discovery of what was called the BOSS Great Wall, a supercluster more than a billion light years long and between 4.5 and 6.4 billion light years from the Earth. With an estimated mass of 10,000 times that of the Milky Way, it’s the largest supercluster discovered so far.

Picture taken by the Hubble Space Telescope with the galaxy GN-z11 in the inset (Image NASA, ESA, and P. Oesch (Yale University))

An article about to be published in “The Astrophysical Journal” describes the discovery of the most distant galaxy observed so far. Called GN-z11, it’s about 13.4 billion light years from Earth and that means that we’re seeing the light emitted when the universe was about 400 million years. An international team of astronomers pushed the Hubble Space Telescope to the limit of its possibilities to achieve this result.

Aerial view of the Arecibo radio telescope (Photo H. Schweiker/WIYN and NOAO/AURA/NSF)

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes a study following the discovery of repeating fast radio bursts. For the first time, this kind of phenomenon repeated and a team of researchers led by Laura Spitler of the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, was able to identify a sequence of signals coming from the same source using the Arecibo radio telescope.

Field of view of the Parkes radio telescope. On the right two zoom-ins and at the bottom an image from the Subaru telescope (Image courtesy D. Kaplan (UWM), E. F. Keane (SKAO))

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes research that has uncovered the place of origin of a Fast Radio Burst (FRB). These radio signals that last only a few milliseconds are picked up with no phenomenon that might warn about its arrival. An international team of astronomers used observations made by optical and radio telescopes to trace the origin of this phenomenon.